Force your site to load securely with an .htaccess file

What to change in the examples below?

The examples below can be entered into your .htaccess file exactly as shown.

Only if the example contains a URL in bold should you change that to your actual URL. For example, if you see the domain example.com, change this to your own domain name.

Forcing the domain to serve securely using HTTPS (for any site)

The following forces any http request to be rewritten using https. For example, the following code forces a request to http://example.com to load https://example.com. It also forces directly linked resources (images, css, etc.) to use https:

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [L,R=301,NE]
Header always set Content-Security-Policy "upgrade-insecure-requests;"

If this isn't working for you, first check your line endings. Copy/paste from your web browser into a text editor may not work right, so after pasting into your text editor you should delete each line break and add it back in (line break = return key).

Forcing HTTPS with WordPress

If your .htaccess file already contains some default WordPress code, enter the following above or below that code. Never enter code inside of the comment tags that start and end with:

# BEGIN WordPress
# END WordPress

It's possible for a visitor to enter a direct HTTP URL on your WordPress site, even when an SSL certificate is active. To force any HTTP request to redirect to HTTPS, you can add code to your WordPress .htaccess file. There are two code options below for you to use. The first should work as shown, but if not, try option two instead.

Option #1

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [L,R=301,NE]
Header always set Content-Security-Policy "upgrade-insecure-requests;"

Full example including the default WordPress code

Below is what your .htaccess file looks like with both the new HTTPS code and existing WordPress code.

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [L,R=301,NE]
Header always set Content-Security-Policy "upgrade-insecure-requests;"

# BEGIN WordPress
# The directives (lines) between `BEGIN WordPress` and `END WordPress` are
# dynamically generated, and should only be modified via WordPress filters.
# Any changes to the directives between these markers will be overwritten. <IfModule mod_rewrite.c> RewriteEngine On RewriteBase / RewriteRule ^index\.php$ - [L] RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d RewriteRule . /index.php [L] </IfModule> # END WordPress

Option #2

In this example, make sure to change example.com to your actual domain name.

RewriteEngine On 
RewriteCond %{SERVER_PORT} 80 
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://www.example.com/$1 [R=301,L,NE]
Header always set Content-Security-Policy "upgrade-insecure-requests;"

Full example including the default WordPress code

Below is what your .htaccess file looks like with both the new HTTPS code and existing WordPress code.

RewriteEngine On 
RewriteCond %{SERVER_PORT} 80 
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://www.example.com/$1 [R=301,L,NE]
Header always set Content-Security-Policy "upgrade-insecure-requests;"

# BEGIN WordPress
# The directives (lines) between `BEGIN WordPress` and `END WordPress` are
# dynamically generated, and should only be modified via WordPress filters.
# Any changes to the directives between these markers will be overwritten. <IfModule mod_rewrite.c> RewriteEngine On RewriteBase / RewriteRule ^index\.php$ - [L] RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d RewriteRule . /index.php [L] </IfModule> # END WordPress
 
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